Chlamydia is a very common sexual transmitted disease (STD) caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia has no early symptoms but later it may create serious health related problem. Delay in treatment can cause complications in pregnancy.
If you did unsafe sex with someone who is affected with sexual transmitted infection (STI), then its not sure you may also be affected, but you have to get tested for STI or Chlamydia. You have to go for test every time when you exposed.
Multiple dose or a single dose of oral antibiotics is the common treatment of Chlamydia. You have to take complete course of medicine. If you delay your treatment, then you may face serious health complications. You have to contact with your doctor as soon as when you think you may be affected.
Cause of Chlamydia
Chlamydia may spread by unprotected oral sex and sex without condom. It may also spread during anal sex. You don’t need to penetration to get it, bacteria may transmit by touching genital together.
Newly born baby can also be affected with chlamydia from infected mother. You may get this infection in eyes too by oral or genital contact, but its very rare chance.
Men and women both can be affected with this, but women are most diagnosed. If you have sex with more than one person, then chances of STI is very high. Rate of younger women to get infected is much high because, their immature cervical cells are more vulnerable to infection, but it doesn’t mean that older women can not be affected.
All sexually active women, who’s age are 25 or younger should go for screening chlamydia every year.
Signs And Symptoms
Most people don’t have any symptoms while some people ignore its symptoms. But usually symptoms will show after one to two weeks you have been infected. Most common symptoms are
- Burning during Urination
- Yellow or green discharge from vagina.
- Pain in lower abdomen.
- Pain during intercourse.
In some women, this infection reach till fallopian tube, this condition is called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Its a very serious condition. Symptoms of PID are
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding during period.
- Severe pelvic pain
Chlamydia infection may spread in anus too. Main symptoms are pain, bleeding and discharge from anus.
Your throat may be infected if you do oral sex with infected person. You may feel soar throat,cough or fever.
Chlamydia is very easy to treat. This bacteria is exist in nature, and its simply treated with antibiotic. Azithromycin is best antibiotic to treat chlamydia. Its a single large dose and not given to patient more than five days. Doxycycline is also a good antibiotic and it can be taken twice in a day for one week to treat infection.
You should avoid sex during treatment, because you can infected again with chlamydia even if you have treated with previous infection.
You should contact with doctor if you see symptoms of this infection. You may face serious health problem if you delay its treatment.
Some women may face PID, which may damage cervix, uterus and ovaries. PID is a very painful and serious infection, and you may be required medical treatment for this.
If chlamydia left untreated, then women can also become infertile. Due to this, fallopian tubes may become scarred. If woman is pregnant, then infection can pass bacteria to baby during birth, and baby may cause eye infection.
How To Prevent Chlamydia
The best way to prevent from this infection is to use condom during sexual intercourse, unless you are hundred percent sure that your partner is not affected with this infection. You should avoid oral sex or use protection during oral sex, until you have sure that your partner is not affected. If you make relation with new partner, then you should go for test every time when you change your partner.