Emergency Contraception is one of the best way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex with your partner. In market, there are lots of emergency contraception pills are available. Emergency contraception pills are also known as Postcoital Contraception. This treatment is only use in some specific situations, not use as a regular birth control. Emergencies like being raped, condom slip off or break during sex or you have missed the pills. Emergency contraception does not help to protect against STD (Sexual Transmitted Disease).
There are two type of emergency contraception pills.
Levonelle should be taken within 72 hours after sex, and ellaOne should be taken within 120 hrs after sex. Both help to prevent pregnancy or delaying ovulation.
The IUD (intrauterine device) is used to insert in your uterus up to 5 days after your unsafe sex, up to five days after earlier time you could have ovulate. Its very helpful to stop fertilize egg.
- Both emergency contraception pills are helpful to prevent pregnancy if these are taken within time.
- Women who use IUD has less than 1% chances of pregnancy, while women who use emergency contraceptive pills are not as rare pregnancies.
- ellaOne is more effective than Levonelle.
- You may feel dizzy,sick, tender breast, abdominal pain or headache after taking ellaOne or Levonelle.
- If you vomit after taking these emergency contraceptive pills within 2-3 hours, then you have to take another pills
- You may feel your period painful, heavier than usual or much longer if you use IUD emergency contraception as a regular method.
- When IUD put in your uterus, then you may feel some discomfort. You may take painkiller to reduce pain.
- You may feel some side effect of emergency contraception pills, but these side effects are not serious.
- One more thing you should keep in your mind that, you can not use emergency contraception pills for abortion.
How’s Emergency Contraception Pills Work:
Levonelle is a synthetic version of progesterone. Progesterone play a very important role in ovulation. Its not clear how’s Levonelle work exactly, but it looks it delay the process of ovulation.
In ellaOne, it contains ulipristal acetate, which help to disturb progesterone work normally. So, this prevents pregnancy by delaying ovulation.
If you have an unsafe sex at any time after taking these emergency contraception pills, then there is a great chance to be pregnancy. So you should take condom or avoid sex until this emergency contraception work properly.
Contraception is being effective depends on the emergency contraception pills and the method of contraception. Your doctor will tell you when this contraception is being start and how many days you should take extra precaution to prevent from unwanted pregnancy.
Levonelle and ellaOne are not supposed to be regular contraception pills. You may use these as an emergency contraceptive pills more than once in a menstrual cycle.
How it affects your period
Most of the women have their normal period after taking emergency contraceptive pills. But still in some cases, you may feel your period some early or delay than normal.
If your period is delay more than 7 days, or its unusually light then you should contact with your doctor as soon as possible.
Side Effects Of Emergency Contraception:
There is no any serious side effect seen after taking these pills. But sometimes it has some side effects. Common side effects are:
- Stomach pain
- Feeling Tired
- Brest Tenderness
If you feel this kind of side effect, then you may contact with your doctor. You should contact with your doctor if you see one of the following symptoms:
- If you have doubt that you are pregnant.
- If your menstrual cycle is shorter or light than usual.
- If your period is delay more than 7 days.
- If you feel pain in lower abdomen
IUD : Emergency Contraception
IUD (intrauterine device) is a T-Shaped contraceptive small device inserted by doctor. It help to prevent egg to being fertilized.
IUD can be inserted up to 5 days after unprotected sex. Its more effective than emergency contraceptive pills and you don’t need any other medication after use of this.
Who can use the IUD?
Most of the women can use IUD. Women who are affected with HIV or women which have not been pregnant can also use.
If you are feeling one of the following symptoms, then you should avoid IUD:
- If you have any pelvic infection
- If any bleeding from vagina after sex or between period.
Which women have heart problem should also consult with their doctor or their cardiologist before fitted IUD. If you are already pregnant, then IUD should not be inserted but if you are breastfeeding then you can use it safely.
Side Effects Of IUD:
Side effects are very rare after having IUD, but in some cases you women may feel pain, infection or damage womb. If you use IUD as a regular contraception, then you may have period heavier, longer and painful than usual.