Menstruation

Menstruation

Menstruation is also known as period and menses is a discharge of blood from the inner lining of uterus from vagina. This blood flows from the uterus through a very small opening of cervix come out from the vagina. Menstrual Cycle last from three to five days.

What is The Menstrual Cycle?

Menstrual Cycle is a change in female reproductive system, that helps to make pregnancy possible. If menstrual cycle is normal, it means your body is working normal. Menstrual cycle provide female body very vital hormones which keeps her healthy. It also helps for pregnancy each month. Menstrual cycle counted from your first day of first period to the first day of next period and average menstrual cycle is 28 days.

What Happens During The Menstrual Cycle?

In the first half of cycle, level of estrogen starts to increase. Estrogen play a very important role to keep you healthy and keeps your bones healthy and strong as you get older. Estrogen also play a vital role to make lining of uterus grow and thicker. This lining is a place which provide nourish to the embryo in pregnancy. At the same time this lining is growing an egg in ovaries to start mature and at 14 days of an 28 days of menstrual cycle, egg leaves ovary and this process is called ovulation.

After this process, egg left the ovary and it comes through the fallopian tube to the uterus. At this time hormones level increase and it helps to prepare uterine lining for pregnancy. Most of the women get pregnant during the three days before or on the day of ovulation. One more thing should be kept in mind that which women has shorter or longer menstrual cycle than average, they may ovulate before or after 14 days.

A women can pregnant if egg fertilized with male sperm and attached with uterine wall. If egg not fertilized, then it will break and then hormones levels starts drop down and thick lining of uterus shed.

What is Typical Menstrual Period

In Period, it shed thickened uterine lining and blood through the vagina. Your period may vary every month and it may be different from other women's period. Your period may be light , heavy or moderate in terms of blood goes through vagina, and this is called menstrual flow. An average length of period is 3-5 days but in some cases 2-7 days is also normal. In the beginning years of menstrual starts, longer cycle is very common. Menstrual cycle become short and regular with age.

What Kinds of Problems Do Women Have With Their Periods?

Women face lots of problem with their period like heavy bleeding, pain and skip period.

Irregular Period

Amenorrhea

In Amenorrhea women face lack of menstrual period. We can also use this term to describe absence in a period in :

Very young women whose menstrual cycle is not start by age 15
Women and girl who has not start menstrual cycle for 90 days.
These causes may include also:

  • Stress
  • Sudden Weight Loss
  • Breastfeeding
  • Pregnancy

As I mention it before that, if your menstrual cycle is regular, then your body is working properly. But if you not having period, then it may be your ovaries have stopped producing normal amount of estrogen. And these lack of hormones can affect on your overall health. Hormonal problem like PCOS  and some serious problem with reproductive organ can be involved. If you facing this kind of problem, then you should consult with doctor.

Dysmenorrhea

This term is used in painful period including severe cramps. Menstrual craps in teenagers are caused by access of chemical called prostaglandin. Most of the teen girls with dysmenorrhea do not have any disease, even if cramp may be severe. But in older women, pain ican be due to any disease or due to any condition like uterine fibroid.

Using heating pad or taking warm bath can help to heal their cramps. Women can take painkiller to reduce pain like Ibuprofen and Naproxen.

And after taking these medicine, if you still feel pain then you should contact with doctor. Doctor will check your problem and prescribe you medicine as per your problem.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding is a vaginal bleeding and that's differ from normal period bleeding. It may includes:

  • Bleeding in between period
  • Heavier bleeding
  • Bleeding for more days than normal
  • Bleeding after monopause
  • Bleeding after sex

There are lots of reason of abnormal bleeding. When you go to your doctor, then your doctor will check problem that are very common in your age group. Some of the problems are not so serious and they can easily treat, but some can be very serious. Doctor will start treatment of abnormal bleeding according to the cause.

In women and teens, hormonal change may cause long or irregular period. But you can get treatment even though its due to hormonal change. One more thing you should keep in your mind that these hormonal change may cause some other serious problems like uterine fibroid, polyps or cancer. So you should contact your doctor immediately when you see any abnormal bleeding.

When Does a Girl Usually Get Her First Period?

The average age of a girl to get her first period is 12. But its not mean that all girls start her menstrual cycle at this age. Menstrual Cycle can start any time between the age of 8 to 15. Most commonly first menstrual cycle start around two years after breasts start to develop. If a girl of age 15 has not start her first menstrual cycle or it has more than 2 to 3 years her breast developed, then she should visit to doctor.

How Long Does a Woman Have Periods?

Menopause is the last stage of a women having period. Menopause may occur at the age between 45 to 55.

Menopause means a women now can not produce egg or ovulate or we can say she can not no longer to get pregnant. Menopause also vary from women to women just like menstruation.

Time when your body begins to move into menopause. This process is called menopausal transition. This may stay from 2 to 8 years. There are lots of reason when some women may face early menopause. These cause may be surgery, illness, or any other reason. If a woman has not period for last 90 days, then she should visit a doctor. Then doctor will check first your pregnancy and early menopause or any other problem which may cause to stop period or make it irregular.

When Should I See a Doctor About My Period?

There are lots of reason when you should see your doctor about your period. These reason may be:

  • If your menstrual cycle has not start by the age of 15.
  • If your menstrual cycle has not start within 2 years after your breast growth or if breast has not started to grow by the age of 13.
  • If your period stops for more than 90 days.
  • If you are bleeding for more than a week.
  • If your period become irregular after regular cycle.
  • If your menstrual cycle occurs more often than 21 days or less often than 35 days.
  • If you feel heavy bleeding than normal or you change more than one pad in every one hours.
  • If you start bleeding between period
  • If you feel severe pain during period.
  • If you feel fever