Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which women face irregular menstrual period and it also affect women’s hormonal levels. Women suffering with PCOS produce hormones more than men and due to this women skip their Menstrual Period and they can face difficulties in pregnancy.
Due to PCOS, hair grows on women’s face and body and baldness. And it may cause some more disease like diabetes and heart disease.
You may take birth control pills and diabetic pills to control PCOS and hormonal imbalance.
What Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?:
PCOS is a hormonal imbalance in women. Women at the age of 15 to 40 affect more with this. There are lots of women which are not aware about PCOS.
PCOS affects women’s reproductive organ which produce estrogen and progesterone hormones, which maintain to keep regular menstrual cycle. In PCOS, women’s ovary starts produce human hormones called androgen which cause hair grow on women’s body and face.
We can say PCOS is a group of symptoms in which it affects ovary and ovulation. Its three main symptoms are:
- Irregular or skip Menstrual Cycle.
- Cysts in Ovary
- Produce men’s hormone
In PCOS, a fluid filled sac grows in ovary its called polycystic. These sacs are follicles and containing a immature egg. These egg not become as much mature to ovulation.
This lack of ovulation change the level of estrogen and progesterone. and it increase androgen level. Due to increase in androgen level, its disturb menstrual cycle. So women who are suffering with PCOS get lower period than usual.
What Cause PCOS :
Doctors are not sure about the cause of PCOS. Doctors think high level of male hormones cause to stop ovary to produce hormones and egg. Genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation have all been joined to produce excess androgen production.
Most of women with PCOS are unable to use insulin properly. Insulin help to use sugar from food for energy. So when body cells can’t use insulin, then body demand more insulin and this extra demand of insulin cause ovaries to produce more male hormones.
Obesity is one of the more common reason for insulin resistance. Women is suffering with PCOS have increase level of Inflammation and obesity is also one reason of inflammation. Excess of inflammation is the reason of higher androgen level.
Common Symptoms of PCOS:
A women can see lots of symptoms like irregular period, overweight and trouble in pregnancy. Most common symptoms are:
- Irregular Period: Women can feel irregular period or sometime skip period in PCOS. Women get fewer menstrual period than usual.
- Hair Growth: Most of the women with PCOS grow hair on their face and body. This growth of hair may be at their belly and back too.
- Acne: Due to excess of male hormones, women’s skin become more oily and it cause acne on area like face and neck.
How PCOS Affects Your Body:
There are lots of PCOS affects you can see in your body. Higher level of androgen affect fertility and other aspects of your body. Your body may see following affects:
If a women want to be pregnant, then she has to ovulate. And the women who are unable to ovulate regular and unable to release as much egg as fertilize. PCOS is one of the biggest cause of infertility in women.
Up to 70% of women who is suffering with PCOS are overweight. Obesity and PCOS both play a massive role in high blood sugar , high blood pressure and cholesterol level. Group of these factor is called metabolic syndrome and they increase the chances of diabetes and heart disease or heart attack.
When a woman ovulate, then uterine lining sheds, and in PCOS, women ovulate less than usual and this cause the lining can build up. If uterine lining is more thicker, higher the chances of endometrial cancer.
Growth of hair on your face and body can do negative affects of your emotions. Many women with PCOS experience depression and anxiety.
How PCOS is Diagnosed:
Most of the doctor diagnose PCOS in women if she has at least two symptoms out of these three:
- Cyst in Ovary
- Irregular Menstrual Cycle
- High Androgen Levels
You doctor may ask you if you have acne, obesity, hair growth on face and body.
Doctor will do Pelvic Exam to check if any problem with your ovaries or other part of your reproductive tract. In this examine, Doctor will insert finger inside your vagina and check there’s any growth of uterus or ovaries.
Blood Test will give idea of male hormones level and it also give an idea to check your cholesterol and insulin and measure the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Ultrasound uses for sound waves to look follicles and other problems in ovaries and uterus.
Pregnancy and PCOS:
Due to high level of androgen hormones in women body, it interrupts the menstrual cycle and its very difficult for women to get pregnant. More than 70% women with PCOS has fertility problems and this condition may create complication in Pregnancy.
The chances of premature baby delivery is twice in women with PCOS than the normal women. They are also at a high risk of miscarriage, high blood pressure and diabetes.
However, women with PCOS can also get pregnant by fertility treatments and they can also improve ovulation. You can loose your weight and blood sugar level to have a healthy pregnancy.
Diet and Lifestyle Tips to Treat PCOS:
Changes in diets and lifestyle play a very important role in treatment of PCOS. You may start with lifestyle by loosing weight and exercise.
If you loose just 5 to 10 percent of your weight, then it will help to regulate your menstrual cycle and also improve PCOS Symptoms. By loosing your weight, you may improve cholesterol level. lower insulin and reduce heart disease.
In a study, it found that low carbohydrate diets are very effective in loosing weight and insulin level. A low glycemic index diets that gets more carbohydrate from fruits and vegetables that help to regulate menstrual period.
Women can do moderate-intensity exercise at least 3-4 days in a week will help to reduce weight in PCOS affected women. If you reduce weight by doing exercise, then it may increase the rate of ovulation and improve the level of insulin.
Exercise with diet is more effective than intervention alone and it decrease the level of insulin and risk of heart disease.
Common Medical Treatments
Birth control pills are the best medicine for Regulate Menstrual Cycle and treat PCOS symptoms like acne, hair growth.
Taking birth control pills like a Estrogen and Progestin daily can play a very important role to do restore hormonal imbalance, regulate period, ovulation and also help to remove hair growth and prevent from endometrial cancer.
Metformin is generally used to treat type 2 diabetes. But doctor will prescribe you this in PCOS also to improve insulin levels. If you take metformin along with exercise and diet, it is much effective and help to regulate menstrual cycle.
This is a fertility drugs which help Women with PCOS to get pregnant. If you take this medicine, then one thing you should keep in your mind that, this medicine increase the risk of twin baby.
Hair Removal Medicines
There are lots of treatment which help to rid of unwanted hair or stop growing it. Lots of Creams are available which help to stop hair growth. You can choose Laser Hair Removal and Electrolysis therapy to rid of unwanted hair from your face and body.
Surgery is the last option to improve fertility if other treatment is not working or showing any improvements. Ovarian drilling is a process in which doctor makes small holes in ovary with the help of laser or thin heated needle to regulate normal ovulation.
When To See a Doctor
You may ask to your doctor if:
- You missed your period and you are not pregnant.
- You have symptoms of hair growth on face and body.
- You are trying to be pregnant from last one years and unable to be pregnant.
- Excess of acne on face.
PCOS can irregulate women’s menstrual cycle and its very difficult to get pregnant. High level of male hormones cause hair growth on face and body.
The first thing doctor will recommend you to change your lifestyle and diet for PCOS treatment. Weight loss can help to treat PCOS and regulate menstrual cycle.
Birth control pills are very helpful if diet and exercise not work properly. Metformin is also help to regulate period and relieve from PCOS symptoms.