UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) is an infection which happens in any part of urinary system such as bladder, uterus, kidney and urethra. Women has more chance to be affected with UTI than men. Your bladder may be painful in this infection. If UTI spread to your kidney, then it can be very dangerous. Doctor gives you antibiotics to treat urinary tract infection.
Urinary Tract Infection don’t show any big symptoms, but there are some following
- A strong pressure of urinate.
- Feeling burning during urinate.
- Cloudy Urine
- Blood in Urine
- Smell in Urine.
- Pelvic pain.
Main reason of UTI is bacteria. A bacteria enter in urinary tract via urethra and become multiple in bladder. After this, bacteria starts to grow into infection in urinary tract. Commonly Urinary Tract Infection occur in women and it affects their bladder and urethra.
- Infection of The Bladder (Cystitis) : This is one kind of urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli). Its one kind of bacteria mostly found in gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Some other bacteria may be responsible also. Sexual intercourse is also one reason of UTI. Due to anatomy, all women are at risk of UTI.
- Infection of The Urethra (urethritis): This type of urinary tract infection occur when GI bacteria starts to spread from anus to urethra. Female’s urethra is very close to vagina, so chances of STI (Sexual Transmitted Disease) such as herpes, mycoplasma can also cause urethritis.
UTI is very common in women and most of the women can face more than one time this infection in their lifetime. There are some risk factor which includes:
- Female Anatomy: A women’s urethra is much shorter than men so its very easy for bacteria to travel from urethra to bladder.
- Sexual Intercourse: Women who are more sexually active are on high risk of UTI than the women who are less sexually active. If women change his sex partner are also increase the risk of Urinary Tract Infection.
- Menopause: After menopause, there is decrease in circulating estrogen and it changes in urinary tract that increase the risk of infection.
- Urinary Tract Abnormalities: If women’s baby birth with urinary tract abnormalities, then women’s urine can not come out from the body. This increase the risk of UTI.
- Blockages In The Urinary Tract: If women is suffering with kidney stone or enlarged prostate, that can blockage the urine in bladder and it increase the risk of Urinary Tract Infection.
- Catheter Use: People who use catheter tube to urinate have higher chances of UTIs. People who are hospitalized, or paralyzed are at high risk or this infection.
If UTI is treated then its very rare chances of the complications, but if UTI left untreated, then it may have very serious complications like:
- Recurrent Infection, women who are facing UTI more than two times in six month period
- Permanent kidney damage from an acute due to UTI.
- In pregnant women, it increase the risk of premature delivery.
Follow the following steps to reduce the risk of Urinary Tract Infection:
- Drinking plenty of water or liquid helps to dilute your urine and it help to urinate more frequently. It will help to flushed out bacteria from urinary tract before infection begin.
- Empty your bladder soon after your sexual intercourse. You may drink a glass of water to flushed out bacteria.
- You may change your birth control method to reduce risk of UTI.
- An estrogen vaginal cream can help to reduce infection.